Wing Chun Kung Fu is a Chinese martial art based on simplicity, directness, and efficiency. It is a branch of kung fu from the Shaolin Temple. Legend has it that Wing Chun was developed by a nun from the Shaolin Temple as a method for someone with less upper body strength to defend oneself against more strength based kung fu systems. This nun, named Ng Mui, taught her style to Yim Wing Chun, who’s husband named the system after her.
Wing Chun utilizes straightforward attacks and blocks to neutralize an attackers force. Kicks are low and direct. Flexibility and agility are not needed. Bodily positions are upright and natural (stances). Simultaneous defense and attack is a key skill along with protecting one’s centerline. Many vital points fall on the centerline: eye, nose, mouth, stomach, groin. Sensitivity training known as “sticking hands” is a key to knowing what an opponent will do once contact is made. The hand is quicker than the eye.
In Wing Chun there are only 3 rather simple hand forms (patterns of movement), 2 weapons: butterfly swords and long pole, and the wooden dummy form. The majority of training is reaction drills. The branch of Wing Chun is called Theater Boat Style which Dr. Wu learned from his uncles. It is very similar to Ip Man style and resembles branches from Chan Wah Shun and Leung Jan.
Wing Chun is a great martial art for anyone, especially those looking for a simple method of self defense not based on physical attributes. This makes Wing Chun especially suited to older adults. Many Wing Chun experts continue to be formidable into their 90s.
- First one learns basic static drills.
- Movement is then added to these drills to add more complexity and realistic application.
- Drill ingrain movements to make them natural reactions one will do automatically.
- More complex sensitivity training is developed at the intermediate stages of progress.
- Advanced footwork, angling, and strategy is focused on at the higher levels.